CONSTRUCTION - ALL SHIPS
(1) On completion of loading of the ship and prior to its departure, the master shall determine the ship’s trim and stability and also ascertain and record that the ship is in compliance with stability criteria in relevant Rules. The determination of the ship’s stability shall always be made by calculation. The administration may accept the use of an electronic loading and stability or equivalent means for this purpose.
(2) Water ballast should not in general be carried in tanks intended for oil fuel. In ships which it is not practicable to avoid putting water in oil fuel tanks, oily-water separating equipment to the satisfaction of the Administration shall be fitted, or other alternative means, such as discharge to shore facilities, acceptable to the Administration shall be provided for disposing of the oily-water ballast.(3) The provisions of this regulation are without prejudice to the provisions of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships in force.
Peak and machinery space bulkheads and stern tubes
(1) Every ship shall be fitted with a collision bulkhead which shall be watertight up to the freeboard deck. This bulkhead shall be located at a distance from the forward perpendicular of not less than 5 per cent of the length of the ship or 10 metres, whichever is the least and, except as may be permitted by the Administration, not more than 8 per cent of the length of the ship.
(2) Where any part of the ship below the waterline extends forward of the forward perpendicular, such as bulbous bow, the distances stipulated in subregulation (1) shall be measured from a position -
(a) at the mid-length of such extension; or
(b) forward of the forward perpendicular at a distance of 1.5 per cent of the length of the ship; or
(c) forward of the forward perpendicular at a distance of 3 metres;
whichever is the smallest measurement.
(3) (a) The collision bulkhead may have steps or recesses in it provided that they are within the limits prescribed in subRules (1) and (2), and pipes piercing the collision bulkhead shall be fitted with suitable valves operable from above the freeboard deck and the valve chest shall be secured at the bulkhead inside the forepeak.
(b) The Administration may permit the location of such valves on the after side of the collision bulkhead provided that they are readily accessible under all service conditions and the space in which they are located is not a cargo space.
(c) All such valves shall be of steel, bronze or other ductile material; valves of ordinary cast iron or similar material shall not be fitted.
(d) Doors, manholes, ventilation ducts or any other openings shall not be fitted in the collision bulkhead.
(4) (a) In every ship provided with a long forward superstructure the collision bulkhead shall be extended weathertight to the deck immediately above the freeboard deck.(b) The extension shall, subject to the requirements of subregulation (5), be located within the limits prescribed in subRules (1) and (2).
(c) The part of the deck, if any, between the collision bulkhead and its extension shall be weathertight.
(5) (a) In every ship provided with a bow door and a sloping loading ramp that forms part of the extension of the collision bulkhead above the freeboard deck, the part of the ramp which is more than 2.3 metres above the freeboard deck may extend forward of the limits specified in subRules (1) and (2).
(b) The ramp shall be weathertight over its entire length.
(6) The number of openings in the extension of the collision bulkhead above the freeboard deck shall be restricted to the minimum compatible with the design and normal operation of the ship and all such openings shall be capable of being closed weathertight.
Additional requirements for ships constructed on or after 1 February 1992
(7) In every ship, bulkheads made watertight up to the freeboard deck shall be fitted to separate the machinery space from cargo and accommodation spaces.
(8) In every ship, stern tubes shall be enclosed in a watertight space (or spaces) of moderate volume and other measures may be taken to minimise the danger of water penetrating into the ship in case of damage to stern tube arrangements, subject to the approval of the Administration.
Requirements for ships constructed on or after 1 September 1984
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