Mechanical Seal Types Mechanical seals can be classified into several tvpes and arrangements:
PUSHER: Incorporate secondary seals that move axially along a shaft or sleeve to maintain contact at the seal faces. This feature compensates for seal face wear and wobble due to misalignment. The pusher seals' advantage is that it's inexpensive and commercially available in a wide range of sizes and configurations. Its disadvantage is that ft's prone to secondary seal hang-up and fretting of the shaft or sleeve. Examples are Dura RO and Crane Type 9T.
UNBALANCED: They are inexpensive, leak less, and are more stable when subjected to vibration, misalignment, and cavitation. The disadvantage is their relative low pressure limit. If the closing force exerted on the seal faces exceeds the pressure limit, the lubricating film between the faces is squeezed out and the highly loaded dry running seal fails. Examples are the Dura RO and Crane 9T.
CONVENTIONAL: Examples are the Dura RO and Crane Type 1 which require setting and alignment of the seal (single, double, tandem) on the shaft or sleeve of the pump. Although setting a mechanical seal is relatively simple, today's emphasis on reducing maintenance costs has increased preference for cartridge seals.
NON-PUSHER: The non-pusher or bellows seal does not have to move along the shaft or sleeve to maintain seal face contact, The main advantages are its ability to handle high and low temperature applications, and does not require a secondary seal (not prone to secondary seal hang-up). A disadvantage of this style seal is that its thin bellows cross sections must be upgraded for use in corrosive environments Examples are Dura CBR and Crane 215, and Sealol 680.
BALANCED: Balancing a mechanical seal involves a simple design change, which reduces the hydraulic forces acting to close the seal faces. Balanced seals have higher-pressure limits, lower seal face loading, and generate less heat. This makes them well suited to handle liquids with poor lubricity and high vapor pressures such as light hydrocarbons. Examples are Dura CBR and PBR and Crane 98T and 215.
CARTRIDGE: Examples are Dura P-SO and Crane 1100 which have the mechanical seal premounted on a sleeve including the gland and fit directly over the Model 3196 shaft or shaft sleeve (available single, double, tandem). The major benefit, of course is no requirement for the usual seal setting measurements for their installation. Cartridge seals lower maintenance costs and reduce seal setting errors